Water Scarcity in Kenya Essay

Published: 2020-04-22 15:24:05
1146 words
5 pages
printer Print
essay essay

Category: Water

Type of paper: Essay

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Hey! We can write a custom essay for you.

All possible types of assignments. Written by academics

GET MY ESSAY
What is water scarcity? Water Scarcity can be defined as the lack of access to freshwater to adequate quantities of water for human and or environmental uses. The scarcity of water in Africa has been a severe issue for decades. With over thirty six million people in their population and continuously growing, the scarcity of water is only getting worse. A lot of people in surrounding countries dont think its a problem because it isnt directly affecting them, which isnt helping the problem.

The topic of my research is the issue of Water Scarcity in Kenya. The scarcity of water in Africa is especially severe an apparent in areas such as Kenya. In Kenya, these people are the poorest population in the entire world. According to Edward Bran, Water scarcity in Kenya has a wide-ranging impact on the population. (P.72) For over decades this has been an issue for Kenya, because of the scarcity of water only an extremely small amount of its land can be used for agricultural purposes.

The purpose of this research is to briefly investigate Kenyas water scarcity and explore the causes of this serious problem. Edward Bran also said, until a nation united Kenyas problem will continue to stand still. (p.117) Edward Bran is the author of the book The Scarcity of Water. When researching I started by thinking of possible questions to answer in which why their water is scarce. Is it because Kenya too over populated? Or maybe its because people dont care enough to help? Overall, I wanted to know why specifically is Kenyas area so severe instead of the rest of the country.

Africa is fundamentally a semi-arid and water scarce country in which only receives nine percent of its water being converted to runoff. Data shows that the first diminishing signs of the unavailability of water were between 1993 and 1996. Without proper technological advances the dry conditions of water could have been detected decades ago. More than sixty percent of residents in Kisumu live in whats called peri-urban settlements that ring the entire city. However, there are some household and community tap water availabilities. Although only forty percent of its residents have access to, many people collect contaminated water from shallow wells or surface sources. Many people in which are mostly the women in these communities are responsible for traveling from three to four hours per day to collect water from shallow wells of contaminated water.

There are a plethora of causes in which leads to Kenyas water being so scarce. Kenyas natural water resources also do not provide an adequate amount of water for their entire population. This leads to the continuation of women and children carrying water on there back and heads for miles. This backbreaking work leaves roughly half of the countrys residents vulnerable to serious dangers. Those dangers include possibly being raped by sex predators and or being kidnapped. In addition to exposure to the elements and risk of attack by predators, the primary water gatherers are also the most likely to come in contact to water-borne diseases. The rate of exposure is extremely high because the water is not only contaminated at the water basins and pumps where water is collected but the containers are almost always second-hand objects, often previously used for certain oils and fertilizers or wastes. Kenya has a lack of freshwater resources.

The irony of Kenyas problem is that they have a river of free flowing water. Although their river has water, its not portable and thats the cause of its scarcity. Non-portable water as their major source sometimes serves as an only source, and eventually only leads to more deaths in their country. Rural areas of Kenya are left without water and urban areas arent much better off, as Kenyas unfortunate bankrupt government does not have the necessary funds to run certain water cleaning systems and the current systems remain in disrepair. The Makindu children said For one billion us, the water here is scarce (pg.213) Fortunately, there are a number of organizations such as The Water Project that are picking up the slack of Kenyas government, and creating health care services and water solutions for their residents.

To sum up my research, all information in which I initially projected was correct. I am now able to answer my research question in which was why is Kenyas water so scarce? The accumulation of natural disasters, poor country and no freshwater source, Kenyas problem has become severe. During the duration of this research essay Ive stated background information, causes and my purpose for my research. An even closer look at water scarcity nationwide involving how different countries could possibly reveal the extent in which water scarcity is.

Rashad Peterkin
Dr. Ruth G. Kennedy
English 1110, Section 24
December 1, 2012

Outline

I. Topic of Research: Water Scarcity in Kenya II. Purpose of Research: The purpose of this research is to briefly investigate Kenyas water scarcity and explore the causes of this serious problem. III. Background of the Research: A. Africa is fundamentally a semi-arid and water scarce country in which only receives nine percent of its water being converted to runoff. B. Data shows that the first diminishing signs of the unavailability of water were between 1993 and 19996. C. Without proper technological advances the dry conditions of water could have been detected decades ago. IV. Cause of Water Scarcity in Kenya

A. Kenyas natural water resources also do not provide an adequate amount of water for their entire population B. Kenya has a lack of a freshwater resource C. Recent natural disasters has caused major soil degradation and displacement throughout the country V. Sources A. Bran, Edward. The Scarcity of Water . Boston: Klumer Law International, 1997. Print. B. Water Scarcity: The Importance of Water & Access. The Water Project. The Water Project INC, n.d. Web.18 oct.2012. C. Jones, Kayla. Africa Heartwood Project. Africa Heartwood Project. Troy Olson. Andy Jones, 2009. Web.23 Oct.2012. VI. Summary and Conclusion

To sum up my research, all information in which I initially projected was correct. I am now able to answer my research question in which was why is Kenyas water so scarce? The accumulation of natural disasters, poor country and no freshwater source, Kenyas problem has become severe. During the duration of this research essay Ive stated background information, causes and my purpose for my research. An even closer look at water scarcity nationwide involving how different countries could possibly reveal the extent in which water scarcity is.

Works cited
Bran, Edward. The Scarcity of Water . Boston: Klumer Law International, 1997. Print.

Water Scarcity: The Importance of Water & Access. The Water Project. The Water Project INC, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012.

Jones, Kayla. Africa Heartwood Project. Africa Heartwood Project. Ed. Troy Olson. Andy Jones, 2009. Web. 23 Oct. 2012.

Warning! This essay is not original. Get 100% unique essay within 45 seconds!

GET UNIQUE ESSAY

We can write your paper just for 11.99$

i want to copy...

This essay has been submitted by a student and contain not unique content

People also read