And BP was the second largest private sector oil company in the world; it has retailing operations over 80 countries. So as it stated in the passage:a landmark joint venture that brought together BPs know-how with Russian natural resources 3. The nature of alliance is different. For BP, because of the increasing demined in developing countries such as china and security problems in Middle East that threats the oil supply, it has to look for new oil fields to explore in order to secure the provision of oil in the long term in the future. And for AAR, it has resources, but it needs the western expertise and capital to exploit its vast energy reserves. So they actually have different purpose.
According to the definition of the link joint venture, also known as scope alliance, its driven by complementarities between partners, -contribution of complementary competences and assets
-strategic move is different for each partner
So TNK-BP is a perfect fit in, theres no doubt that TNK-BP is a scope alliance.