Hassan is loyal to Amir and Ali is another servant to Amir and Baba (Amirs dad). The reader gets a feel for the relationship between Amir and Hassan on page 34. Then he (Ali) would remind us that there was a brotherhood between people who had fed from the same breast, a kinship that not even time could break. Hassan and I fed from the same breasts. We took our first steps on the same lawn in the same yard. And, under the same roof, we spoke our first words. Mine was Baba. His was Amir. My name. The story is set in 1975 through 2001, Afghanistan and United States, specifically in Kabul and California.
The significance of the Kabul, Afghanistan setting is that its when the Afghanistan monarchy is overthrown, through the Soviet military intervention and the rise of the Taliban regime. The significance of the settings shift from Kabul, Afghanistan to California, United States is that because the Soviet military intervenes in Afghanistan, Amir and Baba escape to Peshawar, Pakistan, and then to Fremont, California, where they settle in a run-down apartment Amir faces certain forces and pressures.
Amir is having a self vs.self-problem, he has to decide whether to go back to Kabul in order to get Sohrab (Hassans son) from an orphanage or leave him there. He meets these forces and pressures by deciding to go back to Kabul and save Sohrab from the dangerous city. You can see this early in the story on page 300. The tension rises when Amir makes it to Kabul. Amir notices that their signs of war and destroyed villages. This might leave a reader feeling worried because readers might think that Amir will back down and not save Sohrab or that Amir will get hurt.
The story climaxes when Amir goes to the orphanage, and finds out that Sohrab isnt there but was taken by a Taliban official. When Amir finds Sohrab, he finds out that Assef a childhood bully and who raped Hassan, has Sohrab in his house. Amir has to fight Assef, but Sohrab ends up saving Amir and himself by throwing a rock in Assefs eye with a slingshot. Dont hurt him anymore. Put it down. Please. Put it down! Put it down! Assef let go of my throat. Lunged at Sohrab. The slingshot made a thwit sound when Sohrab released the cup.
Then Assef was screaming. He put his hand where his left eye had been just a moment ago. The falling action ultimately resolves the conflict. Amir finally takes Sohrab to the United states, where Amir raises Sohrab as his child. Its a self vs. self-type of conflict thats driving this story. Amir in the beginning is a selfless person and does things he regrets such as not saving Hassan from being raped and having Hassan having to leave his home. But by saving Sohrab, Hassans son and raising him, Amir finds a way to redeem himself.