Positive Psychology Essay

Published: 2020-04-22 15:24:05
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Category: Psychology

Type of paper: Essay

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Martin Seligman is considered the father of positive psychology (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Positive psychology pertains to helping people live happier and healthier lives (Friedman & Schustack, 2012). Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi states that positive psychology at the subjective level is about valued [sic] subjective experiences, such as well-being, contentment, satisfaction (in the past), hope and optimism (for the future) and flow and happiness (in the present) (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 101). Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi are also states that the individual level is about positive individual traits and the capability for love and vocation, courage, interpersonal skill, aesthetic sensibility, perseverance, forgiveness, originality, future mindedness, spirituality, high talent and wisdom (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 101). Finally, Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi state that positive psychology at the group level is about the civic virtues and the institutions that move individuals toward better citizenship and the responsibility, nurturance, altruism, civility, moderation, tolerance and work ethic (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 101).

The chosen article states that the field of positive psychology believes that people have specific psychology traits that are inherited of the individuals positive mental health (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 101). Studies show that forgiveness, optimistic, positive thoughts and kindness can benefit or harm individuals (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 101). The researchers state that the psychologist should move forward and examine the individuals traits that may support well-being. The researchers show three approaches to search for a better understanding to positive psychology. First, psychologist need to examine the process of happiness and factors (McNulty & Fincham, 2011). Second, psychologist need to understand, prevent, relieve and understand people who suffer (McNulty & Fincham, 2011). And finally, to study shows that short term and long term effects of psychological traits characteristics (McNulty & Fincham, 2011, p. 107).

References

Friedman, H. S., & Schustack, M. W. (2012). Personality Classic theories and modern research (5th ed.). [Vital source ebook]. Retrieved from Vital Book file

McNulty, J. K., & Fincham, F. D. (2011). Beyond positive psychology? Toward a contextual view of psychological processes and well-being. American Psychologist, 67(2), 101-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024572

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