Though there may be several ups and downs in achieving peace, sustained efforts will never fail. Many world leaders of the past and present have contributed their might to bring about peace. In the present scenario, countries are competing with each other to show their superiority by testing their nuclear weapons. As President Carter rightly said in his Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony, [We must remember that today there are at least eight nuclear powers on earth, and three of them are threatening to their neighbors in areas of great international tension.
For powerful countries to adopt a principle of preventive war may well set an example that can have catastrophic consequences. ] Unless there is strict adherence to the nuclear testing laws as laid down by the United Nations, it is going to be a very cumbersome task. The Soviet Union and the United States of America were considered as the superpowers at one time. However, after the fall of the Soviet Union, as Senator George Mitchell rightly puts across [Throughout human history, there have been dominant military powers and dominant economic powers.
Despite its initial distrust of foreign entanglement, despite the reluctance of the American people, the United States has been thrust to the center of the worlds stage]. Therefore, now it has become the responsibility of the United States to make sure that actions of all countries including America reflect on the aims that the United Nations has set up towards achieving world peace. The modern means of communication can make or mar the conditions of the world.
Kofi Annan in his Nobel lecture in Oslo, has mentioned about the butterfly effect wherein it is said that [the world of nature is so small and interdependent that a butterfly flapping its wings in the Amazon rainforest can generate a violent storm on the other side of the earth]. It thus becomes the responsibility of the world leaders and the mass media to comprehend the importance and repercussions that their actions may have on the people. In todays world, poverty, illiteracy and ignorance of human rights have made one susceptible to being victimized and taken advantage of by politicians and religious leaders alike.
So, you find terrorists who instill fear in the minds of common people by creating havoc in their day- to-day life in the name of religion or faith. After the September 11 attack, it has become amply clear that no country is immune to attack by these fanatics. Therefore, it becomes all the more crucial for all countries to guide the young minds in an appropriate manner, by giving them not only the proper environment for their own development but also to encourage them to come up as worthwhile citizens who propagate this message of peace throughout the world.
Every faith in the world talks about peace on earth and how we can achieve it. When we follow our faith so religiously, it also becomes essential for us to follow its true meaning. It is only through nonviolence and tolerance can we coexist in this world of differences. Martin Luther King has warned humankind as a whole to avoid the quicksand of violence and hatred. Thus, whether world peace is achievable or not, is for every individual to ask his conscience.