Dengue has the threat potential to put large numbers of a countrys most productive population out of work for weeks which makes it an extremely costly disease. In order to stop that, we have these three variables playing a vital role to some extent.
Gallup and Sachs (2001) showed that countries with intensive malaria had significantly lower incomes levels (dependant variable) than those without (Gallup & Sachs 2001). The period they analysed was 1965 to 1990. Their approach is hence replicated below for the dengue case to parse the effects of dengue on income levels.
Any vector control policy however needs to be reinforced with an effective community engagement effort. This includes a strategic public education and community involvement program to spread awareness about dengue amongst the population. This awareness about disease could include media advertising, and outreach to community groups, schools and other social organizations. Report of the expert panel on dengue [monograph on the internet]. (2005).). Singapore: Singapore Ministry of Health.
Access to Hospitals:
The total economic cost of dengue however far exceeds the simple costs of vector control. Direct patient, hospitalization, mortality and morbidity costs, along with opportunity costs of time and productivity losses due to illness also need to be considered.