Uses of Network Database Management Sytems8 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Payroll Application9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Payroll Application9 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Technical and Customer Support9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Technical and Customer Support9 Hardware and software Requirements9 Advantages9 Disadvantages9 Art and Design9 How ICT is used in this area9 Uses of Art and Design10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Online Services10 How ICT is used in this area10
Uses of Online Services10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Employment Patterns and Working Patterns10 How ICT is used in this area10 Uses of Employment Patterns and Working Patterns10 Hardware and software Requirements10 Advantages10 Disadvantages10 Data Security and Privacy11 How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Data Security and Privacy11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages11 Disadvantages11 Expert Systems11 How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Expert Systems11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages11 Disadvantages11 Monitoring and Measurements11
How ICT is used in this area11 Uses of Monitoring and Measurements11 Hardware and software Requirements11 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Project Management12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Project Management12 Hardware and software Requirements12 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Modelling12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Modelling12 Hardware and software Requirements12 Advantages12 Disadvantages12 Market Research12 How ICT is used in this area12 Uses of Market Research12 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Research Applications13 How ICT is used in this area13
Uses of Monitoring and Measurements13 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Online Applications13 How ICT is used in this area13 Uses of Online Applications13 Hardware and software Requirements13 Advantages13 Disadvantages13 Stock Control13 How ICT is used in this area13 Uses of Stock Control14 Hardware and software Requirements14 Advantages14 Disadvantages14 Part 2 Comparison study of Mustafa Sultan Enterprises and Al Sahwa Schools15 Mustafa Sultan Enterprises15 How this organisation uses ICT15 How the use of ICT has changed the production of this organisation15
What hardware is being used? 15 What software is being used? 15 Advantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns15 Disadvantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns15 Overall Conclusion15 Introduction ICT is being used in many things. It is used in different organisations to do different tasks. In this report I will be researching how organisations use ICT to do different tasks. And their advantages and disadvantages on the organisation. Part 1 Control Systems How ICT is used in this area
Control system is used in many things, like: washing machines, Air-conditioning systems, green house and Programmable microwave ovens. ICT is used to control these systems by using sensors. There are many types of sensors like, light, temperature and moisture sensor. These sensors send data to the computer to make it work. Uses of control Systems * Air conditioning * Green house * Programmable microwave ovens * Refrigeration Hardware and software Requirements * Robot * Temperature sensor * Moisture sensor * Pressure sensor * Light sensor Advantages * Computer systems work faster than humans. Computer systems can be replaced when its damaged. * Control systems are more efficient and work 24 hours. Disadvantages * High costs to invest computer systems. * Computers replace humans, less jobs available. Working Practices How ICT is used in this area Working practise is working from home. By having portable communication devices, computer systems and internet connection. People can work from anywhere and anytime. They can stay in contact with other people by using broadband connection or virtual private network Uses of Working Practices * Video conferencing * Phone conferencing * Instant messaging Faxing Hardware Requirements: * Laptop computer * Desktop computer * Mouse * Keyboard * Printers (laser and inkjet) * Scanner * Modem * Fax machine * Mobile telephone * Web cams * Microphones * Telephones Software Requirements: * Word processing * DTP * Spreadsheet * Database * Organising software * Communications software * Web browser Advantages * People can work from anyplace for example while travelling * Working 24 hours * Less stressful for staff * Saves money as less space needed Disadvantages * Less supervision leads to less work being done * High costs of buying and maintaining ICT requirements Damage of computer systems will lead to delay in work Communications How ICT is used in this area ICT is used as a tool for communication. People can communicate with each other from different places. Organisations can also communicate with other organisations. By using mobile phones, video conferencing, laptops and emails. Uses of Communications * Mobile telephones * Video conferencing * Lap-top computers * E-mail * Multi-media communications Hardware Requirements: * Mobile telephones * Video conferencing * Lap-top computers * E-mail Software Requirements: * Internet connection * Advantages Can talk to people at any part of the world * Takes less time * Able to send lots of information at once Disadvantages * Cannot send if in there is no internet connection * May be hard to understand persons voice if there is a bad signal across the phones or video conferencing * Your email address could get hacked. Advertising How ICT is used in this area ICT is used in advertising products, businesses and services. Methods used to advertise in ICT are, websites, flyers, posters and online directory. Uses of Advertising * Product advertising * Business advertising * Service advertising Hardware Requirements: * Computers Mouse * Keyboard * Printer (laser and inkjet) * Scanner * Modem * Microphone * Speakers * Video camera * Digital camera Software Requirements: * Web authoring packages * Word-processing * DTP * Spreadsheet * Database * Communications software Advantages * Advertising a product on a website allows people from any part of the world to see * It is cheaper to advertise things online, By sending emails to customers or suggesting a product to friends on * Advertising products or services 24 hours Disadvantages * If your computer gets a virus then it could cause you to lose all your data which could be important. loose of information which is very risk * if there is no internet connection, they cannot work Teaching and Learning How ICT is used in this area Students use ICT to make learning much easier. By using internet resources they can access all resources to get information. And they also can communicate with other students and teachers to exchange information. Uses of Teaching and learning * Schools * Universities * Colleges Hardware Requirements: * Computer * Mouse * Keyboard * Printers (laser and inkjet) * Scanner (for OMR) * Overlay keyboard * Interactive Whiteboard Software Requirements Web browsing software * Web authoring software * Overlay software * Database * Spreadsheet * Assessment software Advantages * Unlimited useful resources for students to use like internet. * It is useful for people with disabilities to learn from home. * Students can communicate with each other from different parts of the world. Disadvantages * It can be very boring sitting in front of a computer screen * Some people need talking and discussing a subject to understand more. * If there is internet connection, students cannot access to learning resources. Publishing How ICT is used in this area
It refers to the process of using the computer to produce professional documents, also through photo image and editing software Uses of Publishing Printing: * Books, * Magazines * Newspapers * Record/CD/DVD labels and sleeves * Posters Hardware Requirements: * Web offset machines * Computers * Digital cameras Software Requirements * Photo image * editing * DTP Advantages * Low costs as publishing is online * Better and faster knowledge about the market * Web is open 24 hours Disadvantages * Web publishing risks the loss of copyrighted information * Need internet connection Data Management in sales
How ICT is used in this area Data management in sales controls all sales. Uses of Data Management in Sales Hardware Requirements * Computers * Laptops * PDA Software Requirements * Time management * Time tracking * Project tracking Advantages Disadvantages Network Database Management systems How ICT is used in this area Its a group of programs that helps people to store, modify, and get information from a database. There are many different types of DBMSs, ranging from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes. Uses of Network Database Management Systems
Hardware Requirements * hard disks * Microcomputers to large mainfraimes. * Database machines: which is hardware designed specifically to support a database system. Software Requirements Advantages * Shares large volume of data * Easy to access data * Saves time data can be accessed at anytime from anywhere * Network users will be able to make updates to the data whenever they choose * If the database is located on the company network, those database administrators will be able to access the tables in the database and add the new fields that are needed Disadvantages Database systems are difficult, and time-consuming to design * If the database is located on a standalone workstation, the database administrator will have to travel to that workstation to make any changes and updates. * If the security is not strong, users could place the database into a state that prevents others from using it. * Damage to database affects all applications programs Payroll Application How ICT is used in this area It is a sum of all financial records in a business of salaries, wages, bonuses and deductions.
The two files which are involved are: Master file: holds all data about the workers works. Transaction file: a temporary file that contains some data which can change from week to week or month to month. Uses of Payroll Application * Producing payslips * Financial reports Hardware Requirements: * Computers Software Requirements: * Payroll software Advantages * The employer taxation and employee taxation calculations are done for you you dont have to have an accounting degree to figure that out. * You do not have to sign all the checks * The payroll service will retain records for your payroll needs. * The service can pay your taxes for you Disadvantages Some service bureaus will charge the employer each time they make a call, request a report, ask for a copy of a check etc. * There is a fee involved as the service is doing everything to support your needs. * The service does not back the employer should have their own backup Technical and Customer Support How ICT is used in this area Uses of Technical and Customer Support * Utility companies * Mail order catalogue firms * Telephone call centers * Customer support for computer hardware and software * Online help lines Hardware Requirements * Computer networks(modem) Software Requirements Computer telephony integration software including third party control and first party control Advantages * Quicker resolution times * Centralized knowledge and expertise * Reduce infrastructure costs * Flexible hours of operation * Access to complete reporting and documentation regarding any contact with your customers * Multiple contact types, phones, email, chat, or web submission Disadvantages Art and Design How ICT is used in this area Uses of Art and Design * Marketing/advertising CD, DVD and record labels and sleeves. * Posters * Books * Magazines Hardware Requirements: * Computers * Digital cameras * Scanners Mouse / tracker ball * Large memory devices * Light pens Software Requirements: * Design software * Library of designs * Clipart * Photo galleries Advantages Disadvantages Online Services How ICT is used in this area Uses of Online Services Internet service provider, email provider, news provider (press), entertainment provider (music, movies), e-shopping site (online stores), e-finance or e-banking site, e-health site, e-government site Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Using electronic services removes the need to travel to Government buildings, telephone for information or use paper to render returns.
It also allows Government to respond faster to your submissions and become more responsive. * registering is a simple, quick, do once process which can be done whenever you want. * You can then enrol with multiple services and conduct your business transactions with Government whenever you like. Disadvantages Employment Patterns and Working Patterns How ICT is used in this area Uses of Employment Patterns and Working Patterns Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Data Security and Privacy How ICT is used in this area Uses of Data Security and Privacy Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages
Expert Systems How ICT is used in this area Uses of Expert Systems * Investment Analysis * Financial Planning * Insurance Planning * Car Engine Fault Diagnosis * Medical Diagnosis * Plant and Animal Identification Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Monitoring and Measurements How ICT is used in this area Uses of Monitoring and Measurements * Medical Applications * Weather Monitoring * Monitoring the Environment * Scientific Experiments Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Project Management How ICT is used in this area Uses of Project Management Hardware and software Requirements
Advantages Disadvantages Modelling How ICT is used in this area Uses of Modelling Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Safer way of learning * Can be repeated in quick succession * Dangerous situations can be simulated at no risk to vehicle or driver Disadvantages * Expensive to buy and maintain * Impossible to replicate all possible difficult situations they may experience * Operators may become too overconfident, as they are not in real physical danger and may make mistakes which would be catastrophic in the real situation Market Research How ICT is used in this area Uses of Market Research
Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Research Applications How ICT is used in this area Uses of Monitoring and Measurements Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Online Applications How ICT is used in this area Uses of Online Applications * Online banking * Online Shopping * Online Booking Hardware and software Requirements Advantages * Bookings can be made at any time * Time and cost are saved * Things can be done quickly- You do not need to go early to the airport to check-in, it can be done online. Disadvantages * Have to employ web designers to design their websites
Stock Control How ICT is used in this area Uses of Stock Control Hardware and software Requirements Advantages Disadvantages Part 2 Comparison study of Mustafa Sultan Enterprises and Al Sahwa Schools Mustafa Sultan Enterprises How this organisation uses ICT How the use of ICT has changed the production of this organisation What hardware is being used? What software is being used? Advantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns Disadvantages of using ICT on the running of the organisation, customers, employees and working patterns Overall Conclusion