Fundamentals Ideas of Hinduism Essay

Published: 2020-02-20 05:50:07
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Category: Hinduism

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There are a lot of trends and schools originated from Hinduism but most of them believe in a supreme spirit called Brahman and in reincarnation of our immortal soul Atman. The final step of Atmans development is its unity with the eternal soul universal energy Brahman. All incarnations of God are regarded as the different faces of one ultimate god Brahman. Brahman is not regarded as monotheistic God but rather as a principle of Universe power and energy. Dharma is usually seen as a quest of the physical world to the human and the ability to find and follow your way in life.

All the events are defined by karma low. This low represents the moral low of cause and effect where every our action and causes certain result and we are responsible for all our deeds and even thoughts and everything done comes back to us and makes us work is out again and again. The principle of Brahman is a central notion of Hinduism. It includes the belief that all the parts of the world are the realizations of the highest universal energy Brahman and seek to come back to it as parts try to join the whole. Ethics and morality are highly valued in Hinduism.

The Vedas contain a lot of spiritual messages and high moral standards and ethical behavior are definitely among them. Hindu strive to achieve four main objectives of life, which are kama, artha, dharma and moksha. Kama means physical or emotional pleasure, under artha they understand material wealth. Kama and artha are regarded like mistakes, which distract people from reaching the main ideal. As soon as people learn to control their desires practicing dharma (righteousness) they are able to achieve moksha, or liberation. Hinduism includes big number of practices.

Spiritual devotion, selfless service, knowledge and meditation are among the main ones. Generally there are a lot of trends in Hindu philosophy. There usually include six most popular ones Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Purva-mimamsa, Vedanta. Nyaya deals with the logic thinking and gives the explanation through the analyses. Vaisheshika concentrates on the world nature and its characterization. Samkhya surveys the starting point of the existence and the development of the Universe. Yoga is a number of physical and mental exercises which lead to the perfection of the individual and gives the understanding of the world.

Mimansa and Vedanta interpret the Vedas. All these schools use different ways to achieve one ultimate goal to reach moksha and to join Brahman highest spirit. Nowadays Hinduism finds a lot of ways of realization and new schools appear along with the classic religion with the traditional set of values and beliefs. The idea of Brahman is a central notion for all the trends and schools and it stands for divine entirety which finds its realizations in the forms of our world and the goal of each creature is to join this entirety finishing the circle of suffering forever.

Tilaka is a special Hindu symbol. Tilaka is a mark on the forehead of other parts of the body, which symbolizes supernatural consciousness and opening of the third eye. Nowadays tilaka is rather a decoration symbol used for married women. Main life principles of Hinduism include satya and ahimsa. Satya means being truthful to the others and to you and ahimsa claims no injury way of life. To practise ahimsa adepts of Hinduism must avoid by any means any mental, physical and emotional hurt to all living creatures.

In some cases following ahimsa assumes being vegetarian as it does not let commit violence and kill animals. Hinduism is one of the oldest religions of the world and one of the major religions in India. It has affected a lot of spheres of life such as culture, art, architecture education not only in India, but also in many countries of the world. Even nowadays it determines the way of life and value system of many people of the world. Every individual practicing Hinduism must follow dharma religious and social duty and do everything possible to achieve moksha liberation from the circle of life and death.

Later this religion has become popular all over the world and now we can find the representatives of Hindu in many countries of the world. I think that Hinduism is not just set of customs and beliefs it is a way of life and great cultural prophesy for millions of people.

Sources

1. . Klostermaier, Klaus K. , Hinduism A Cultural Perspective . Prentice-Hall, Inc. New Jersey, 1989. 2. Knott, Kim, A Survey of Hinduism . State University of New York Press, Albany, 1998. 3. Krishnamurthy, Visvantha, Essentials of Hinduism . Narosa Pub. House. New Delhi, 1989.

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