The impact of the debate has been wide, even entering the realm of American education, where the debate is still rife as to which theory must be taught and should the other theory be rejected from the curriculum altogether (Bybee, 9). The problem is that, while the two theories stand firm on their own principles, neither of them has been able to refute the existence of the other theory in any convincing way. This paper reviews the two theories and the supporting facts behind each theorys existence. After this, the paper attempts to bring the theories in perspective and attempts to take a stand on which theory might be the correct one.
Evolution and Creation: The theories Theory of Evolution This theory was mainly introduced to refute the theory of supernatural creation. Evolution theory, as the name suggests, is the development of species from earlier forms (Corey 2). It is a process that results in heritable changes in population over many generations (Corey 2). Scientific community considers biological evolution as the change in properties of the population of organisms that transcend the lifetime of a single individual (Corey 3).
In other words, it is the genetic material that passed on from one generation to the next. Evolution is hence the process where some characteristic of a biological organism passes by degrees to a different stage i. e. to a more advanced or mature stage. Hence, evolution can be considered to be an upward progression from simplicity to greater complexity and organization (Corey 3). The theory has attracted skeptics almost totally in the religious arena. This is because there are two issues which the theory can neither explain nor prove by example.
The first is the evolution theory itself, suggesting evolution of complexity from simplicity, means that all simple organisms must be related in some way to complex organisms. Such is not the case, as skeptics point out, since the study of fossils has shown that organisms have evolved only from their own kind. There is not a single evolutionary transitional record where one fossil has changed or transitioned into another specie (Scott and Eldredge 163). Another problem with the theory is the instant of creation.
The theory suggests the origin of life from non-living matter such as various organic compounds under suitable conditions. This theory has two problems. First nothing living has yet been created from organic compounds under the best of conditions. Secondly, the theory itself contradicts the scientific theory of the Second law of entropy itself, according to which everything in the universe degenerates as it moves from organization and complexity to chaos and disorganization (Scott and Eldredge 164).
For instance: Anything existing in the nature will ultimately wear and wither away given enough time, including biological organisms themselves. A final argument posed against the evolutionist theory is the accuracy of the scientific theories themselves, which have been wrong before. For instance, geologists were initially wrong about the theory of origin of continents, where they thought that earth was initially a solid object, which has since been proven wrong by the origin of the theory of plate tectonics (Scott and Eldredge 165).
Theory of Creation This is the original theory of evolution of life and is usually the basis of almost every existing religion in the world. According to this theory creationism is the belief that humans, life, earth and universe have a miraculous origin in a deity or Supreme Beings with supernatural intervention (Scott, Eldredge 48) Creationist believers preach that there is no scientific theory anywhere in the world that the earth is older than 6000 years old i. e. according to biblical time frame (Scott, Eldredge 48).
They further add that the only reason for scientists to claim that the earth is billions of years old is to support the theory of evolution and discredit Gods handiwork. The axiom i. e. the self-evident truth of biology according to them is that life only arises from life (Corey 4). Creationism is hence a metaphysical theory according to which a supernatural being or beings created the universe and all the things inside it. It is a pseudo-scientific theory that claims that all the stories in the Genesis are accurate accounts of the origin of the universe and life on Earth.
Though creationism is usually viewed as a Christian theory, it is not actually related to any particular religion, as there are million of non-Christians who believe that some super being created the universe (Corey 5). What is perhaps the most problematic about the creationistic view of the creation of the world is the attitude of the theorists themselves. The most preposterous claims proposed by any Holy Book are completely accepted, often without any interpretations here (Young and Largent 188).
In addition, since there are so many religions and corresponding religious books in existence, which particular theory is the correct one, is a question that would spark a raging debate in the religious arena. Even if Genesis is taken as the correct view of how universe was created, there are many evidence of the existence of creatures such as dinosaurs which are millions of years old that cannot be refuted by any means, except by simply closing eyes to facts and ignoring them. On preposterous belief is even that dinosaurs and men lived together, just so that the theory of the age of dinosaurs is refuted (Young and Largent 188).
Also in recent times creationist theorists have started to claim themselves as creationists scientists, which itself is both an oxymoron and a declaration that creationist theory also needs to accept science in some way to prove its claims (Young and Largent 189). Some earlier embarrassingly incorrect predictions also undermine the creationist theory, the most popular of which is the Earth-centric universe theory, the shattering on which is considered by many scientists to be the actual beginning of the Scientific Revolution.