After Dmitri graduated from the conservatory, he worked as a concert pianist for money and composed pieces in his spare time. Later, after much work, Dmitri managed to win the honorable mention award at the Warsaw International Piano Competition in 1927. After the contest, composer Bruno Walter very much impressed offered to conduct his 1st Symphony in Berlin. In 1927 Dmitri finished his 2nd Symphony and started working on his 1st opera which he would name, The Nose. In 1930 he finally finished it and premiered it but it turned out to be a failure.
It got poor reviews from people like Dmitri Kabalevsky who criticized his music for political reasons. It was so bad that the opera got banned from Russia. Dmitri was devastated and had a nervous breakdown and later had suicidal thoughts, but was treated. Later on Dmitri met a woman named Nina Varzar and married her in 1932. The marriage went well until 1935 when they divorced over a long period of discussions, but later on they got reunited. World War II broke with Germany in 1941 and Dmitri served as a fire warden for a propaganda poster, but he still found time to write his 7th Symphony.
This symphony was very popular and served as a form of inspiration for the Russian army. Feeling accomplished Dmitri wrote his 8th symphony which was very different from his 7th. This piece too turned out to be banned from Russia until 1960. In the mid 1940s Dmitri wrote his Violin Concerto No. 1 and it was a success. And in 1949 he composed The Song of the Forests and making Joseph Stalin (Russias dictator during the time) the great gardener it was accepted and liked by the people.
After Stalins death in 1953 Dmitri composed his 10th symphony which was practically dedicated to him. In 1954 Dmitris wife Nina died , and he stayed alone for 2 years until he met Margarita Kainova in 1956 and married her, but divorced in 1959. Later on in 1960 Dmitri joined the Communist Party (something he wanted to do since he was very young) but then regretted it. Then in 1962 he married again to a woman named Irina Supinskaya. The fact that their ages differenced by 29 years didnt matter to them because they stayed together until Dmitris death.