Despite the negative stereotypes in the medias depiction of disabled people, there are a few positive portrayals of disabled characters that are giving disabled rights activists hope. Literature, media and pop culture have spawned offensive stereotypes that have persisted throughout the years and can be found in extremely famous works such as Victor Hugos The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol. Disabled characters throughout iterature are often the victims of violence and are often mistreated by the storys able-bodied characters. The stereotyping and misrepresentation of these characters has been broken down into groups; The object of pity, sinister or evil, the eternally innocent, and the victims of violence.
These tropes have endured because they are constantly reinforced in our mass media culture. Among the negative stereotypes, the media does give us a few positive depictions of disabled characters. One of the most currently watched TV shows, Breaking Bad, RJ Mitte plays Walt Jr. nd offers an honest and heavily praised portrayal of a teenager with cerebral palsy. Disabled rights activists have praised the depth of the character and RJ Mittes ability to allow the characters personality and wit to take center stage, rather than his condition. Actor RJ Mittes is himself afflicted with a mild form of cerebral palsy and is able to draw from his own experiences with the condition to add nuances to the characters disability and how he handles it.
Also on Breaking Bad, a different character suffers from ebilitating anxiety and panic attacks, representing those with mental disabilities. Fed up with the medias poor representation of themselves, many have taken to using new social media tools such as Twitter, YouTube and Tumblr to directly communicate with society. Shane Burcaw of LaughingatmyNightmare. com is twenty years old and has spinal muscular atrophy. Armed with an incredible sense of humor, Shane has taken the media into his own hands to create a brand for himself.
He is the sole creator of his charity organization, Laughing at my Nightmare and he maintains a ersonal blog allowing anyone an in depth look at what life is like for someone with his disability. He is using media to empower himself, his cause and to break down stereotypes. While many disabled rights activists argue that the medias depiction of people with disabilities has not drastically changed, a shift has begun. Through better screen writing and through self-empowering social media tools people with disabilities are starting to feel more comfortable with how they are being represented on TV and in film.