* Is that which makes matter become what is real * Is definable and intelligible * Exists substances Material v Immaterial Substance * Aristotle is reductionist, what Aristotle is tring to do is looking forward to us and say wel look I really my self odont know what the universe works. But whatever the universe works it will always be reduced to matter and form. * There is a lot of forms * Some substance can change while retaining tier identity (MATERIAL) * They contain matter and form (all sensible substances) * Some substances cannot change (IMMATERIAL).
* They do not contain matter (celestial objects, God the unmoved mover) * Since they do not contain matter, they are sui generis (one per kind/species/category) Identity and Essence * Substances with matter can change, substances without matter cannot change. Example of Atistotle: Socrates is a substance with matter and form, its taken for granted that Socrates is a certain type of substance, in a category, genes, species, and it is obvious that Socrates is a rational animal. What is a rational animal, animals are physical things. * Distinction between what is and what can be.
Socrates can be handsome even if hes not handsome, but he cannot be a sugarcookie. It is essential for Socrates to be a rational creature to be who he is. * If you want to be a substance your first must get into a category (species genie) something that is not subject to change (an essence part of a real thing that is essential of it being the kind or specific thing he is). * How change works in material substance * Matter remains (compare soc. Security number) * Form exchanged * Distinguish essential (substantial) from accidental form. * Some forms are essential and some forms are accidental Whats really essential.
* Contrast generic and personal essence * Socrates, the rational animal * Socrates, the inquisitive philosopher * Two types of essential forms? * Out of all the substance that exist out there, what forms are important to make a substance what it is and which forms simply dont matter? An imperisist says that someone with out experience has nothing to say about a partainging subject When your born like a blank piece of paper that has no experience. Unless and until you conuct and expirement and conduct a hypotheis then your word does not count. Essential * What makes a form essential or accidental? *